Sunday, June 13, 2010

The John Jenney Family- US 1623 to Current

**Connected to the Thomas Pope Family at Thomas Pope (1608-   ) **
** Connected to the Henry Wood Family at Henry Wood (1622-   ) **
** Underlined names are linked to their connecting pages**

Generation One:
John Jenney- b. 1585 Norwich, Norfolk, England; m. 1November 1614 Sarah Carey at Leyden, Holland; d. May 1644 at Plymouth, Plymouth, MA
Their Children:
1. Child b. Leyden, Holland; d. abt 1681; buried  16 June 1618 St. Peter's Church at Leyden, Holland
2. Samuel b. abt 1619 at Leyden, Holland; m. Ann Lettice;
3. Sarah b.abt 1620 Leyden, Holland; m. 29 May 1646 Thomas Pope at Plymouth, Plymouth, MA
4. John b. abt 1623 on the ship the Little James; m. Susanna Wood; d. abt. 1650 , aged 27 years.
5. Susanna b. abt 1625 at Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; m. Benjamin Bartlett; d. 23 March 1654 at Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, aged 29 years
6. Abigail b. abt 1625 at Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; m. 28 April 1644 Henry Wood at Plymouth, Plymouth, MA;

    John Jenney, his wife, Sarah, and three of their children came over in 1623 on the Little James. They landed in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA in August 1623. He was at Leyden, Holland with the Pilgrims at the time of his marriage in 1614, and was thought to be there as early as 1609 when "John Jennings witnessed the betrothel of Robert Peck to Jane Merritt, both from England." His own records state that "John Jenney , a brewer's drayman, from Norwich, in England, but more recently from Rotterdam, was betrothed to Sarah Carey from Moncksoon, on 5 September 1614, Roger Wilson and Jane Lee accompanying them.
 Although John Jenney lived in Leyden for many years, he did not become a citizen as did sixty-five of the Pilgrims had.  John was known to speak Dutch. On 16 June 1618, he buried at child at St. Peter's Church at Leyden, Holland. At the time he was living at Veldesstraat (Field Street).
      At Plymouth, John was one called "gentleman" and on 25 March 1633-34, he paid the third largest tax in the town of Plymouth, £1:16:00. rated in corn at 6 per bushel. He was listed as a freeman in the Incorporacon of Plymouth in 1633 and later as John Jenney, gen, in a list from 7 March 1636-37. He was listed along with Samuel and John, Jr. as males in August of 1643 who were able to bear arms.
     On 1 October 1643, he was one of five appointed for laying out of the highways. On 5 January 1635-36, he was on a committee of seven chosen "to assiste ye Governor & Counsell to sett shuch rates on goods to be sould, & labourers for their hire, as should be meete & juste," On 6 March of the same year , he and four others were a committee to select a suitable location for two meeting houses. In 1636, John was a Deacon of the Plymouth Church. " Mr. John Jenney  on 20 March 1636-37 was appoynted to view the hey grounde from the town of Plymouth to Iland Creeke". On 5 May 1620 he and four others were chosen to view the meadows of Edwatd Doty to compute the numbers of acres. In 1641-1642 he was listed among those persons authorized by the General Court to grand lands in Plymouth.
      He was chosen Governor's Assistant on 5 Janaury 1635 and was reelected to that office for seven years. He traveled back and forth to England many times, one being in 1638. He also served as Deputy to the General Court.
      In the first distribution of land to those who came over on the Anne and Little James in 1623, John was allotted five acres, out of forty-give, that 'lye beyond the brooke to Strawberie-hill, (kown as Mill Hill or Watson's Hill)." The natives called it Cantaugheantiest or Planted Fields. The land is situated on both sides of the Cold Spring Brook. In 1626-27, JOhnJenney with several others became Pruchasers of the English Merchant's interes in Plymouth Colony, this enabled John to get a share of the division of cattle on 22 May 1627.
"The twelueth lott fell to John Jene ^ his companie joyned him:
2. his wife Sarah Jene
3. Samuell Jene
4. Abigail Jene
5. Sarah Jene
6. Robert Hickes
7. Margret Hickes
8. Samuel Hickes
9. Ephraim Hickes
10 Lydia Hickes
11. Phebe Hickes
12. Stephen Dean
12 Edward Banges
--To this lott fell the greate white backt cow which was brought over with the first in the Ann, to which cow the keepeing of the bull was joined for these psents to puide for heere also two shee goats."
     In 1636, at the assignement of the "heyground" it was ordered that "John Jenney (and Edward Holman with him, for cow & a calfe) have the grounde from John Wynslow downeward to Mr. Allersons howse, or the creeke there." The next year the same plot was given to him "where he had the last yeare, and to edge more upon the sedgy place, that there may b ehey also gott there fo rthe teame of the towne." On 6 January 1636-37, it was agreed "that the six acres of the lands of John Jenney , and the two acres of Mrs. Fuller lying at Strawberry Hill, enclosed by Mr. Ralph Smyth, shalbe yeilded upp unto them this yeare, that they may ymprove them to the settling of corne; provided that the said John Jenney shall erext a swelling house neare or upon the said six acrees, with are to belong unto the said house as long as it shalbe a dwelling." He also received a grant on 16 September 1641 of "as much more upland as will make his farme at Lakenhame (now Carver) two hundred acres, and when that is used then to have more added to yet in lue of soem land he hath yeilded up at the towne to Gabriell Fallowell"
      The first mill on Town Brooke was built and run by Stephen Deane from 1632-1634. At the inventory of Deane's death the value of the mill was £20. Two years later John Jenney built a mill for grinding corn on the same site and was given the permit on 7 March 1676:
"It is conclued upon the Court That Mr. John Jenney shall have liberty to erect a Milne for grinding and beating of Corne upon the brook of Plymouth to be to him & his heires for ever. And shall have a pottle of Corne towle upon every bushell for grinding the same fo rthe space of the two first yeares next after the said Milne is erected, and afterwards but a quart at a bushell for all that is brought to the milne by others, but if he fetch it & grind it himself or by his servants then to have a pottle toule for every bushell as before."
      For John though the mill was not always a success:
" on 4 September 1638, Mr. John Jenney was psented at Court for diging downe the highway before his mill, to the endangering of man and beast; and six months later, he was psented for not grinding corne serviceable, but to greate losse & damnage, both in not grinding it well, as also causeing ment to stay long before it can be grounde, except his servant to feede."
     These accusations were not supported by evidence and he was released. After his death, on 4 August 1644, Mrs. Jenney "upon the psentment against her pmiseth to amend the grinding at the mill, and to keepe the morters cleane and baggs of corne from spoyleing and looseing." Samuel carried on with the mill. Samuel had apprenteice with his father and later to Kenelm WInslow. John Jenney took two apprecitces, John Smith  and THomas Higgins (for 7 to 8 years), they were both working at the mill during John's lifetime.
      John was again at Court for trading with the Indians, which was against the law, 6 January 1636-37:
"Whereas John Jenney, Thomas Willett, and George Watson did, contrary to the auncient lawes of this colony, trade wth the Indians for corne, and thereby both the quabtitie of corn & he value thereof was forfaited to the collony, and that there upon the corne so traded contrary to law was seized to the use of the collony, and that afterwards,, by a publicke order made in Court, it was referred to the bench the said bench doth now order, that thone (the one) halfe of the said corne, and the forfaiture beisdes shalbe freely given to them againe, and theother halfe of the corne shalbe delivered to the Treasurer for the use of the collony, to be disposed as the bench shall see fit."
     On 20 April 1641, John received permission to make salt on Clark's Island and "to use such wood on the island as me may."
      John obtained the home of Richard Marsterson, on Smith's Lane. It was constructed of "hewn plank". John later sold this first framed house of Plymouth to George Watson in 1635 for £23, In February 1638, John bought property at Rocky Nook from John Howland. Since he was most involved with Town Brook and Strawberry Hill, this was most likely an investment. He also increases his holdings in February 1638 with a purchase from Web Adey for £17:20 for :his house and garden place adjoyneing and three acres upon which the house stood inPLymouth." and in June 163, when he purchased of £15 from RIchard Clough, "all his house & garden with the dence abouth the same, together with some posts, rails, and pallasadoes kying in the woods." These lots were on the south side of Summer Street in Plymouth and extended from Spring Lane to the 1883 house of Barnabas Churchill.
      It is thought that his interest in trade, he may have been the owner of the little James, a pinnace-2 masted craft of forty-four tones. Though no evidence is found he did own in 1637 a new barque which he used to travel back and forth to England. It was known as John Jenney's barque.
     John died most likely in early May of 1644, His inventory was taken on 25 May 1644.
The last Will and Testament:
     "The last Will and Testament of John Jenneyof Plymouth gent lately Deceased exhibited to the generall Court the fit of June in the XXth yeare of the Raigne of our Souvraigne Lord Charles Kinge of England & C.

      I John JenneyinNew England being sick and weake in body but through Gods speciall goodness in pfect memorie Do thinke meete to settle that estate the Lord inmercy hath bestowed on me according as I conveive hee requireth at my hands. And therefore Do ordaine this my last will and testament. And therefore having bequesthed my soule to God that gave it and my body to earth whereof it is I do give unto my eldest sonee Samuell Jenney a Double porcon of all those lands I stand possessed of or have right unto within the Government of New Plymuth my will being pformed next of all I give unto Sarah my loveing wyfe whom I ordaine my Executriz my Dwelling house and Mitte adjacent togeter with all the lands thereunto belonging, my will being that shee freely an dfully enjoy it together with all my moveables goods and chattells so lons as God shalbe pleased to continue her life except such as I shall after Dispose of or shee shall willingly and freely part with to any our children according to my will and Desire Alsoe whereas Abugail will Dwell one full yeare with Mr. Charles Chauncy of Scituate before her marriage (puided he be willing to entertaine her) that then my said Daughter Abigall hve two of my cowes and my full consent to marry with the said Henry Wood And in case Mr. Chauncey be against it then I would have her dwell with Mrs. Windlowe of Carewell the said terme of one yeare ffurther as I have given to my eldest sonn Samuell a double porcon of all my lands whatsoever after the death of his said mother so I also give him a Double porcon of my whole estate with the rest of my children viz. John Abigaill Sarah and Susann My will being that after the death of my said wyfe my house and mill an dother my lands and goods be sold or valued to the utmost they are worth and that the estate be equally Distributed amongst my said children Samuel John Abigaill Sarah and Susan as followeth, Samuell to have a double pocon and the rest of the eich a single & equall porcon of the same Last of all I do ordaine my worthy frends Mr. William Feadford now Governor of Plymouth and Mr. Thomas Prence of  the same now Overseers of this my last will and testament and Do give eich of them a paire of gloves of five shillings price And in witness that this is my Will have hereunto sett my hand & seale the XXViij of December of Anno DM 1643

John Jenney
(his seale)
Witness hereunto
Edward Winslowe
Thomas Willett
William Paddy"

Will and information on Mrs. Jenney:

1. Edward Small and his Descendants, Vol, I, John Jenney Section, Cambridge,  The Riverside Press, 1910, p. 488-522

2. Jenney Grist Mill Museum



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